If you find that you have started losing a lot of your hair on the pillow, brush, shower drain, or your towel, then it can be an indication of Alopecia Areata. It is a kind of an autoimmune disease that starts with bald spots on the head, that proceeds to other public areas of the body.
Beard is one of the areas that gets impacted by this disease. If you have been finding that your hair on scalp and beard have started to become scarce, then you must get it treated as soon as possible.
What causes Alopecia Areata?
Before you proceed towards the treatment of Alopecia Areata, you need to know about it. This is one of the autoimmune diseases, wherein the immune system of the body begins to attack its own cells. In the case of alopecia areata, your immune system attacks the hair follicles.
Due to which hair starts to shed in clumps. If this problem remains untreated, then it can lead to overall hair loss too. This condition is called Alopecia Universalis that is the extreme case of Alopecia.
Who can get affected by this disease?
Alopecia Areata can impact children, men, and women of any age. Unluckily, children who develop this disease before the start of puberty develops more severe and persistent and extensive loss of hair.
Reasons for the occurrence of Alopecia Areata
Genetics is one of the most important reasons for the AA in a person. Other causes being stress, hay fever, thyroid, vitiligo, Down syndrome, and pernicious anemia.
What are the signs of Alopecia?
In the case of Alopecia Areata, hair loss begins on the scalp region that slowly and gradually progresses to other parts of the body. Your scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows, beard, legs, hands and other areas get affected by this problem.
What is the cure for Alopecia Areata?
There are medications that can help in controlling the autoimmune reaction of the body in the scalp region. This can help in restricting existing hair loss and encourage new hair regrowth. Some of the measures that are advised by Alopecia specialists are as follows:
⦿ The cortisone cream should be applied to the areas on the scalp or beard where you can see bald patches. If you don’t want to apply cortisone cream, then there is one more way to get it in the body. This is by injecting cortisone solution into your bald areas to suppress the activity of your immune reaction
⦿ Immunotherapy is another effective way to treat AA. In this therapy, chemicals like diphenylcyclopropenone or squaric acid dibutyl ester are applied on the beard or scalp. This produces a form of an allergic reaction to neutralize the overactive immune cells.
⦿ Application of Anthralin and topical minoxidil can be applied on the bald spots on the head and beard to enhance hair growth.
⦿ Performing phototherapy under which the impacted skin is kept under the controlled exposure to UV light.
Unfortunately, according to doctors, there is no lasting cure for AA. These measures can help a person to limit any further loss of hair and promote new hair growth.
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