India is a mixture of diverse cultures, religions, and beliefs with uncountable languages. Indo Aryan and Dravidian are the two main languages that are spoken by more than 90% of the people of India. Konkani is the southern Indo-Aryan language spoken by the people of Maharashtra and Goa on the west coast of India. The word Konkani means “from the Konkan”. And the word Konkan means corner (Kona) and part of the Earth (Kana). According to the 8th schedule of the Indian Constitution, Konkani is one of the 22 scheduled languages. In 1992, it was included as the official language of the Indian state of Goa and a minority language in Karnataka, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman, Maharashtra, Kerala, and Diu. It highlights the details of Vedic structures and exposes the similarities of both western and eastern Indo-Aryan languages. The earliest inscriptions in Konkani are dated 1187 A.D and the language itself is believed to be several centuries older. Konkani language is spoken by 0.20% people of the Indian population.
People from different regions write Konkani in various scripts. It has numerous dialects and is divided among religions. Konkani Hindu people from Goa and Maharashtra use the Devanagari script. The people from Karnataka use the Kannada script. Kokani Christians in Goa uses Roman script. The people of Konkani Muslims use Arabic script. And, Konkani people from Kerala use Malayalam script. The official Script of Konkani people is Devanagari and is used by most of the speakers.
Malvani language words are commonly used in Sindhudurg and Ratnagiri. It is a dialect of Konkani that does not have any unique script. This language is interesting with a unique pitch to each sentence. It has great significance in Marathi’s influences and loanwords. Malvani language is very popular that is often used for newspaper articles and dramas. There are more than 40 dialects of Konkani, a few of them are Karawari, Honnavari, Chitpavani, Siddi, Keralan, Saxtti, Antruz, Bardez, Malvani Konkani, Maharashtrian Konkani, Nawayati, Mangalorean.
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